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Application of Rice Straw and Tithonia for Increasing Fertilizer Use Efficiency on Paddy Soil

Gusnidar, Gusnidar and Yasin, Syafrimen and Burbey, Burbey and Yulnafatmawita, Yulnafatmawita and Saleh, Sulaiman and Andhika, Rantau (2012) Application of Rice Straw and Tithonia for Increasing Fertilizer Use Efficiency on Paddy Soil. Jurnal Tanah Tropika, 17 (2). pp. 151-156. ISSN 0852-257X

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The research was aimed to obtain a combination of rice straw (S) and tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) (T) to increase chemical fertilizers use efficiency (FUE) on paddy soil which was conducted in Sicincin, Padang Pariaman Regency in 2008. The experiment consisted of 8 treatments (A= recommendation input: 200 kg Urea ha-1 (Ru)+ 100 kg SP-36 ha-1 (Rp) + 75 kg KCl ha-1 (Rk)), B = Ru + 2Rp, C = 2.5 Mg Tithonia (T) ha-1 + 75% Ru+10 kg SP36 ha-1 as a starter P fertilizer (P-s), D = T + 75% Ru, E = 5 Mg Rice Straw (S) ha-1 (Sr) + Ru + Rp + Rk, F = Sr + Ru + P-s, G = T + 0.5Sr + 75% Ru + P-s, H = T + 0.5S + 50% Ru + P-s) with three replications. The treatments were randomly allocated in each block Randomized Block Design (RBD). The results showed that application of fresh organic matter (OM) from tithonia + 75% recommended Urea without KCl and P-starter addition on intensification rice field increased synthetic FUE on paddy soil. Application of tithonia for 2.5 Mg ha-1 + 75% of recommended Urea (150 kg Urea), without synthetic P and K fertilizers seemed to be the best treatment to get the highest yield (8.08 Mg Harvested Dry Seed (HDS) ha-1 (= 7.05 Mg Milled Dry Seed (MDS) ha-1) of rice, then it was followed by the treatment based on farmer tradition input with the yield was 7.25 Mg HDS ha-1 (= 6.41 Mg MDS ha-1). The use of fresh tithonia as much as 2.5 Mg ha-1 based on its dry weight could be considered as an alternative fertilizer for rice crops in intensification rice field.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Unit atau Lembaga: Fakultas Pertanian > Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Ita . Yulnafatmawita
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 00:21
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 00:21

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