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ANALISIS KETENAGAKERJAAN DAN STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KESEMPATAN KERJA DI PROPINSI SUMATERA BARAT

Ferlini, Ferlini (2006) ANALISIS KETENAGAKERJAAN DAN STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KESEMPATAN KERJA DI PROPINSI SUMATERA BARAT. Working Paper. Pascasarjana Unand. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Employment improvement would be more important because of rising in unemployment numbers while government had placed productive employment creation efforts at RPJMN 2004-2009 as one of capital aims in agenda to increase people welfare. Eventhough population growth at supply side had decreased drastically from 1.62 (1980-1990) to 0.59 percent annualy (1990-2000) in Sumatera Barat but unemployment numbers inclined to increase in labor market. So far the unemployment percentage had exceed of national percentage at the latest years. On the contrary, the economic growth of Sumatera Barat at demand side only could reach moderate level and manufacturing industry with high productivity inclined did not give an expectation. This study was analyzing the projection of laborforce and employment at 2006-2010 so that could determine the strategies for employment improvement. The descriptive and quantitative analysis of manpower were seen from labor force and employment side in 1990-2000. Projection of labor force was doing by extrapolation of TPAK (activity rates) while projection of employment by elasticity (0,48) which was resulted by dividing employment growth with economic growth. Projection data of working age population from BPS were used to predict the number of labor force at 2006-2010 and the optimistic target of economic growth was from RPJM 2006-2010. Open unemployment of this study would decrease from 6.86 percent at 2006 to 4.29 percent at 2010. Overcoming this situation, from labor force side were suggested to control number of birth and labor force by improvement of education quantities and qualities so that could prevent labor force increased besides developing towns and villages . From manpower demand side were suggested to open job vacancies extensively with some policies (general, regional, specific and sectoral). Strengthening small business or developing businesses in large scales, improving agriculture corps to increase farmer’s productivity or developing nonagriculture industries (manufacturing and tourism) which gave a well orientation for employment creation efforts. Government position as a director and facilitator of employment improvement efforts was strategic, especially in giving a simple investment procedure for developing business vacancies.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Unit atau Lembaga: Paca Sarjana > Strata 2 > Agronomi
Depositing User: SSi diana zulyetti
Date Deposited: 24 May 2010 02:24
Last Modified: 24 May 2010 02:24
URI: http://repository.unand.ac.id/id/eprint/496

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